Lewis, Colonel Isaac Newton

SUBJECT AREA: Weapons and armour
[br]
b. 12 October 1858 New Salem, Pennsylvania, USA
d. 9 November 1931 Hoboken, New Jersey, USA
[br]
American soldier and weapons designer.
[br]
Lewis graduated from the US Military Academy, West Point, in 1884 and was commissioned into the Artillery. He soon displayed his technical aptitude and in 1891 patented an artillery ranging device. This was followed by further gunnery devices to improve artillery accuracy and a quick-firing field gun. He also displayed an interest in electricity and designed a car lighting system and wind-powered electric lighting.
In 1911 he patented the gun that bears his name. The significance of this compared with existing machine guns was its comparatively light weight, which enabled it to be carried and operated by one person. Even so, the US Army showed no interest and so Lewis, by now retired from the Army, moved to Europe and set up a factory to produce it at Liège in Belgium. At the outbreak of war he moved his operation to England and merged it with the Birmingham Small Arms Company. The Lewis gun became the British Army's standard light machine gun during the First World War and was also used on aircraft. The USA eventually had a change of heart and also used the Lewis gun.
CM

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Isaac Newton Lewis — (b. 12 October 1858, New Salem, Pennsylvania d. 9 November 1931, Hoboken, New Jersey) was an American soldier and inventor. He was graduated from the United States Military Academy in 1884 and was commissioned second lieutenant in the Second… …   Wikipedia

  • Lewis, Isaac Newton — ▪ United States Army officer and inventor born Oct. 12, 1858, New Salem, Pa., U.S. died Nov. 9, 1931, Hoboken, N.J.       U.S. Army officer and inventor best known for the Lewis machine gun, widely used in World War I and later.       Lewis… …   Universalium

  • Lewis Gun — Australische Soldaten der 2. Division trainieren mit dem Lewis Lewis Gun …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lewis MG — Australische Soldaten der 2. Division trainieren mit dem Lewis Lewis Gun Allgemeine Information Entwickler:/Hersteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lewis Gun — Infobox Weapon name= Lewis Gun caption=Recruits of the Singapore Volunteer Force training with a Lewis gun. origin=flagcountry|United States type=Light machine gun is ranged=yes service= used by= See Users wars=World War I, World War II… …   Wikipedia

  • Weapons and armour — See also: INDEX BY SUBJECT AREA [br] Abel, Sir Frederick August Anderson, John Armstrong, Sir William George Belidor, Bernard Forest de Bode, Hendrik Wade Bodmer, Johann Georg Bothe, Walter Wilhelm Georg Franz …   Biographical history of technology

  • United States — a republic in the N Western Hemisphere comprising 48 conterminous states, the District of Columbia, and Alaska in North America, and Hawaii in the N Pacific. 267,954,767; conterminous United States, 3,022,387 sq. mi. (7,827,982 sq. km); with… …   Universalium

  • English literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the English language by inhabitants of the British Isles (including Ireland) from the 7th century to the present day. The major literatures written in English outside the British Isles are… …   Universalium

  • Grantham — For other uses, see Grantham (disambiguation). Coordinates: 52°55′05″N 0°38′17″W / 52.918°N 0.638°W / 52.918; 0.638 …   Wikipedia

  • List of cemeteries — This list of cemeteries compiles notable cemeteries, mausoleums and other places people are buried, worldwide. Reasons for notability include their design, their history and their interments.Argentina*La Recoleta Cemetery, Buenos Aires burial… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.